Rotary equipment size reduction

            A knife mill, hammer mill, and disc mill were instrumented to obtain performance data to aide project determination of commercially-needed process control factors. Figure 1 below shows the mills, and a test with the knife mill.

Fig.1.    Direct energy-monitoring instrumented mills is shown operating the knife mill with switchgrass uniformly fed with a 7-m conveyor.

Three bare mills (knife mill, hammer mill, and disk mill) were equipped for direct input-energy measurement. Data were collected via analog to digital signal processing modules and stored on a laptop computer.

Power consumption during idle runs of knife, hammer and disk mills are shown in Fig. 2. Monitored size reduction energy of dry switchgrass in a knife mill is shown in Fig. 3. Likewise, Fig. 4 shows hammer mill energy for switchgrass, corn stover and wheat straw.


Fig. 2.  Monitored power of rotary mills without biomass throughput.


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